Analisis beban kerja dan stres kerja selama pandemi covid-19 terhadap kinerja guru dengan quality of work life sebagai variabel intervening

Kurniasari Tripambudi, Kusuma Chandra Kirana, Henny Welsa

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh beban kerja, stres kerja, quality of work life, dan kinerja guru SMK Negeri di Bantul selama pandemi Covid-19. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian explanatory research dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah Partial Square (PLS), yaitu SEM yang berbasis variance, dengan software SmartPLS versi 3.0. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah dari total enam hipotesis, terdapat dua hasil yang kontra dengan hipotesis. Yaitu tidak terdapat pengaruh antara variabel beban kerja terhadap quality of work life dan beban kerja terhadap kinerja guru SMK Negeri di Kabupaten Bantul. Beban kerja berpengaruh signifikan positif terhadap stres kerja, stres kerja berpengaruh signifikan dengan arah negatif terhadap quality of work life, quality of work life berpengaruh signifikan positif terhadap kinerja, stres kerja berpengaruh signifikan dengan arah negatif terhadap kinerja. Quality of work life tidak dapat memediasi pengaruh beban kerja terhadap kinerja guru. Pengaruh beban kerja terhadap quality of work life guru SMK Negeri di Kabupaten Bantul dapat dimediasi oleh variabel stres kerja, quality of work life dapat memediasi pengaruh stres kerja terhadap kinerja guru, beban kerja terhadap kinerja dapat dimediasi oleh variabel stres kerja.


Keywords


Beban kerja; stress kerja; quality of work life; kinerja guru

References


, N., & Reni, A. (2019). Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi, Komitmen Organisasi Dan Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Guru Sekolah Menengah Atas Di Makassar. Hasanuddin Journal of Applied Business and Entrepreneurship, 2(2), 90–99.

Ahmad, Y., Tewal, B., & Taroreh, R. N. (2019). Pengaruh Stres Kerja, Beban Kerja, Dan Lingkungan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada Pt. Fif Group Manado. Jurnal EMBA: Jurnal Riset Ekonomi, Manajemen, Bisnis Dan Akuntansi, 7(3), 2811–2820. https://doi.org/10.35794/emba.v7i3.23747

Ajayi, S. (2018). Critical Study of the Effects of Job Stress on Nigerian Bank. Social Science Research Netwrok, April, 1–71.

Angelia, I. N., & Soeharto, T. N. (2020). Quality of work life di era 5.0: Tinjauan Literatur. Prosiding Seminar Nasional 2020 Fakultas Psikologi UMBY, 116–129.

Anita, T., Tjitrosumarto, S., & Setyohadi, J. S. (2021). STRES KERJA GURU SAAT PANDEMI COVID-19 DITINJAU DARI KOMPENSASI DAN LINGKUNGAN KERJA. Research and Development Journal Of Education, 7(1), 146–157.

Anuraga, G., Indrasetianingsih, A., & Athoillah, M. (2021). PELATIHAN PENGUJIAN HIPOTESIS STATISTIKA DASAR DENGAN SOFTWARE R. Jurnal BUDIMAS, 03(02), 327–334.

Arif, S., & Ilyas, M. (2013). Quality of work-life model for teachers of private universities in Pakistan. Quality Assurance in Education, 21(3), 282–298. https://doi.org/10.1108/QAE-Feb-2012-0006

Arifiani, D., Amalia, A., Naibaho, H., & Pitaloka, E. (2019). The Role of Work Stress as a Mediating Variable in The Relationship Between Workload and Intention to Leave. KnE Social Sciences, 2019, 175–181. https://doi.org/10.18502/kss.v3i26.5372

Arristra, H. D., Setyanti, S. W. L. H., & Handriyono. (2019). THE EFFECT OF COMPENSATION ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE WITH THE QUALITY OF WORK LIFE AS AN INTERVENING VARIABLE. IJCIRAS, 1(12), 107–112.

Aruldoss, A., Kowalski, K. B., & Parayitam, S. (2021). The relationship between quality of work life and work life balancemediating role of job stress, job satisfaction and job commitment: evidence from India. Journal of Advances in Management Research, 18(1), 36–62. https://doi.org/10.1108/JAMR-05-2020-0082

Chaturvedi, K., Vishwakarma, D. K., & Singh, N. (2021). COVID-19 and its impact on education, social life and mental health of students: A survey. Children and Youth Services Review, 121(December 2020), 105866. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105866

Christian, E. N., Nnonyelu, P. A. N., & Nwankwo, P. I. U. (2019). THE EXAMINATION OF EMPLOYEES PERCEPTION OF QUALITY OF WORKLIFE (QWL) IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITIES IN SOUTHEAST ZONE OF NIGERIA. International Journal of Health and Social Inquiry, 5(1).

Daniel, C. O. (2019). Analysis of quality work life on employees performance. International Journal of Business and Management Invention (IJBMI), 8(02), 60–65.

Dereke, M., & Rezaei, H. (2020). The relationship of job stress with organizational climate, quality of work life, and job involvement. Journal of Industrial and Organizational …, 7(1), 175–188. https://doi.org/10.22055/jiops.2019.31572.1153

Dewi, C. N. C., Bagia, I. W., & Susila, G. P. A. J. (2018). Pengaruh Stres Kerja Dan Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada Bagian Tenaga Penjualan UD Surya Raditya Negara. Bisma: Jurnal Manajemen, 4(2), 154–161. https://doi.org/10.23887/bjm.v4i2.22015

Direktorat SMK. (2021). Data Pokok SMK. http://datapokok.ditpsmk.net/

Eisapareh, K., Nazari, M., Kaveh, M. H., & Ghahremani, L. (2020). The relationship between job stress and health literacy with the quality of work life among Iranian industrial workers: The moderating role of social support. Current Psychology, Javadzade 2013. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-00782-5

Fatmasari, E., Al, M. M., & Wulida, A. T. (2018). THE EFFECT OF QUALITY OF WORK-LIFE AND MOTIVATION ON EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT WITH JOB SATISFACTION AS AN INTERVENING VARIABLE. RJOAS, 30(February), 108–114. https://doi.org/10.18551/rjoas.2018-02.12

Fitriantini, R., Agusdin, & Nurmayanti, S. (2019). Pengaruh Beban Kerja, Kepuasan Kerja Dan Stres Kerja Terhadap Turnover Intention Tenaga Kesehatan Berstatus Kontrak di RSUD Kota Mataram. Distribusi - Journal of Management and Business, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.29303/distribusi.v8i1.100

Geetha, R., & Mani, R. S. (2016). Quality of work life: A literature review. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 11(16), 8928–8931.

Ghozali, I. (2012). Structural Equation Modelling (II). Universitas diponegoro.

Harahap, L. K. (2020). Analisis SEM (Structural Equation Modelling) Dengan SMARTPLS (Partial Least Square). Fakultas Sains Dan Teknologi Uin Walisongo Semarang, 1, 1.

Henseler, J., Sarstedt, M., Ringle, C. M., & Hair, J. F. (2014). On the Emancipation of PLS-SEM: A Commentary on Rigdon (2012). Long Range Planning, 47(3), 154–160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2014.02.007

Hosain, M. (2018). Teaching Workload and Performance: An Empirical Analysis on Some Selected Private Universities of Bangladesh. SSRN Electronic Journal, 3, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2810640

Irawati, R., & Carollina, D. A. (2017). Analisis Pengaruh Beban Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Operator Pada Pt Giken Precision Indonesia. Inovbiz: Jurnal Inovasi Bisnis, 5(1), 51. https://doi.org/10.35314/inovbiz.v5i1.171

Jalal, R. N.-U.-D., & Zaheer, M. A. (2017). Does Job Satisfaction Mediate the Relationship of Workload, Remuneration and Psychological Reward with Job Performance? International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(9). https://doi.org/10.6007/ijarbss/v7-i9/3309

Johari, J., Tan, F. Y., & Zukarnain, Z. I. T. (2016). Autonomy, workload, worklife balance and job performance teachers. International Journal for Researcher Development, 7(1), 63–83.

Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. (2021). Data Pokok Pendidikan. https://dapo.kemdikbud.go.id/guru/2/040100

Kemp, S. E., Ng, M., Hollowood, T., & Hort, J. (2018). Introduction to descriptive analysis. In Descriptive analysis in sensory evaluation (1st ed.). https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=id&lr=&id=N7lIDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA3&dq=descriptive+analysis&ots=IqGBpUuE-V&sig=7haRqSK20y-qlA0SY-M438iWoIA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=descriptive analysis&f=false

Kokoroko, E., & Sanda, M. A. (2019). Effect of Workload on Job Stress of Ghanaian OPD Nurses: The Role of Coworker Support. Safety and Health at Work, 10(3), 341–346. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2019.04.002

Leitão, J., Pereira, D., & Gonçalves, Â. (2019). Quality of work life and organizational performance: workers’ feelings of contributing, or not, to the organization’s productivity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(20), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203803

Mangkunegara, A. A. P. (2017). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Munandar, A., Musnadi, S., & Sulaiman, S. (2018). The Effect of Work Stress, Work Load and Work Environment on Job Satisfaction And It’s Implication on The Employee Performance of Aceh Investment And One Stop Services Agency. Proceeding of the First International Graduate Conference (IGC) On Innovation, Creativity, Digital, & Technopreneurship for Sustainable Development in Conjunction with The 6th Roundtable for Indonesian Entrepreneurship Educators European Alliance for Inno, 2284357. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.3-10-2018.2284357

Mwakasangula, E., & Mwita, K. M. (2020). Relationship between occupational stress and job satisfaction among teachers in Tanzanian public primary schools. Journal of Co-Operative and Business Studies, 5(1), 96–103.

Nabawi, R. (2019). Pengaruh Lingkungan Kerja, Kepuasan Kerja dan Beban Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai. Maneggio: Jurnal Ilmiah Magister Manajemen, 2(2), 170–183. https://doi.org/10.30596/maneggio.v2i2.3667

Negahdari, A., Jadid-milani, M., Alemohammad, S. N., & Hossein Pishgooei, A. S. (2019). The Relationship between Job Stress and Quality of Work Life among Pre-hospital Emergency Personnel in Shiraz 2017. Ijnr, 13(6), 4–9. https://doi.org/10.21859/ijnr-130607

Nurdin, I., & Hartati, S. (2019). Metodologi Penelitian Sosial. Media Sahabat Cendekia.

Omar, N. A., Abood, S. A., & Mohamed, A. A. R. (2018). Relationship between Quality of Work Life and Job Stress among Nurses in Critical Care Units. Minia Scientific Nursing Journal, 3(July).

Prasetya, A. T. (2019). PENGARUH BEBAN KERJA TERHADAP STRES KERJA DENGAN KUALITAS KEHIDUPAN KERJA SEBAGAI VARIABEL MODERASI. Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Yogyakarta.

Priyana, D. (2019). INTEGRASI PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DAN SENI DI SMK NEGERI 3 KASIHAN BANTUL DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA [Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga]. http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/41234

Richardson, R., Goodman, P., Flight, S., & Richards, P. G. (2018). Reducing teacher workload Research (Issue November).

Ridha, N. (2017). Proses Penelitian, Masalah, Variabel, dan Paradigma Penelitian. Jurnal Hikmah, 14(1), 62–70. http://jurnalhikmah.staisumatera-medan.ac.id/index.php/hikmah/article/download/10/13

Rindorindo, R. P., Murni, S., Trang, I., Kerja, P. B., Kerja, S., Kepuasan, D. A. N., Terhadap, K., Manajemen, J., & Ekonomi, F. (2019). Pengaruh Beban Kerja, Stres Kerja Dan Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Hotel Gran Puri. Jurnal EMBA: Jurnal Riset Ekonomi, Manajemen, Bisnis Dan Akuntansi, 7(4), 5953–5962. https://doi.org/10.35794/emba.v7i4.26576

Rotas, E. E., & Cahapay, M. B. (2020). Workload Stress and Results Based Performance of Multigrade Teachers. Journal of Studies in Education, 10(2), 68. https://doi.org/10.5296/jse.v10i2.16874

Rudy. (2021, January 24). Antara Kewajiban, Peran, dan Perjuangan Guru di Masa Pandemi. Padmanaba. https://sma3jogja.sch.id/blog/antara-kewajiban-peran-dan-perjuangan-guru-di-masa-pandemi/

Safitri, L. N., & Astutik, M. (2019). Pengaruh Beban Kerja Terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Perawat Dengan Mediasi Stress Kerja. JMD: Jurnal Riset Manajemen & Bisnis Dewantara, 2(1), 13–26. https://doi.org/10.26533/jmd.v2i1.344

Sai, M. (2018). PENGARUH KUALITAS KEHIDUPAN KERJA DAN STRES KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA KARYAWAN MEMALUI KOMITMEN ORGANISASIONAL SEBAGAI VARIABEL INTERVENING DI BANK BPD DIY CABANG SLEMAN. UNIVERSITAS ISLAM INDONESIA.

Sari, Y. (2019). How do work stress and workload influence work motivation and performance of employees of the state-owned banks in indonesia? East African Scholars Journal of Economics, Business and Management, 2(6), 333–340. https://www.easpublisher.com/media/articles/EASJEBM_26_333-340_c.pdf%0Ahttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/M_Shabri_Abd_Majid/publication/334173974_How_Do_Work_Stress_and_Workload_Influence_Work_Motivation_and_Performance_of_Employees_of_the_State-Owned_

Sarwono, J. (2007). Analisis Jalur Untuk Riset Bisnis. CV. Andi Offset.

Secapramana, V. H., & Nugroho, E. (2017). Quality of Work Life Program as A Humanistic Perspectives on HRM. International Conference of Organizational Innovation (ICOI 2017). https://doi.org/10.2991/icoi-17.2017.6

Siahaan, M. (2020). Dampak Pandemi Covid-19 Terhadap Dunia Pendidikan. Jurnal Kajian Ilmiah, 1(1), 73–80. https://doi.org/10.31599/jki.v1i1.265

SMKN 1 Bantul. (2021). SMK NEGERI 1 BANTUL. https://www.smkn1bantul.sch.id/

SMKN 1 Kasihan. (2019). SMKI Yogyakarta. http://smki-yogya.sch.id/

SMKN 1 Pajangan. (2020). SMK Negeri 1 Pajangan. http://www.smkn1pajangan.sch.id/

SMKN 1 Pandak. (2020). SMK Negeri 1 Pandak - Profil SMK Negeri 1 Pandak. https://www.smkn1pandak.sch.id/

SMKN 1 Pleret. (2020). SMK Negeri 1 Pleret - Beranda Website. http://www.smkn1pleret.sch.id/

SMKN 1 Sedayu. (2020, June 20). SMK Negeri 1 Sedayu - Profil Sekolah. https://www.smkn1sedayu.sch.id/

SMKN 1 Sewon. (2021). BERANDA - SMK Negeri 1 Sewon. https://smkn1sewon.sch.id/home

SMKN 2 Kasihan. (2018). SMKN 2 Kasihan - Sekolah Menengah Musik. https://www.smmyk.sch.id/

SMKN 2 Sewon. (2020). Homepage - SMK Negeri 2 Sewon. https://www.smk2sewon.sch.id/

SMKN 3 Kasihan. (2020). SMSR - Sekolah Menengah Seni Rupa. https://smkn3kasihan.sch.id/

Sofiana, E., Wahyuarini, T., & Novieyana, S. (2020). Pengaruh Beban Kerja dan Stress Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Staf Pengajar Politeknik Negeri Pontianak. Inovbiz, 8, 1–15. www.ejournal.polbeng.ac.id/index.php/IBP

Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. PT. Alfabeta.

Sumiyati, S., Widjajanta, B., Masharyono, M., & Izzati, S. N. (2021). An Analysis of Workload and Job Stress on Employee Job Performance. Proceedings of the 5th Global Conference on Business, Management and Entrepreneurship (GCBME 2020) An, 187(Gcbme 2020), 222–226.

Supriyatna, A. (2018). Penerapan Usability Testing Untuk Pengukuran. Jurnal Ilmiah Teknologi - Informasi Dan Sains (TeknoIS) Volume, 8(1), 1–16.

Thomas, K. P., Kumar, S., & Parkash Singh, P. (2020). Psychological Well-Being And Quality Of Worklife Of The School Teachers During The Covid-19 Situation. European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 07(07), 6309–6316.

Tim Dapodikbud. (2020). Sekolah Kita - SMKN 1 Sewon. https://sekolah.data.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/chome/profil/62e2621b-50c8-4bba-93c7-ea07642af815

Wiyono, G. (2020). Merancang Penelitian Bisnis dengan Alat Analisis SPSS 25 & SmartPLS 3.2.8 (2nd ed.). UPP STIM YKPN.

Zulfa, I. M., & Yunitasari, F. D. (2021). EDUKASI GENERASI MUDA SIAP VAKSINASI COVID-19. JURNAL ASTA, 01(02), 100–112.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29264/jakt.v19i1.10693

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 AKUNTABEL

 

Indexing:

 

 

 

AKUNTABEL: Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan  is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

View My St