Faktor faktor yang mempengaruhi kemiskinan di kabupaten kutai kartanegara

Gamal Abdul Aziz, Eny Rochaida, Warsilan Warsilan

Abstract


One of the main indicators of the success of national development is decreasing the rate of number of poor people. This means that one of the main criteria of the leading sectors of national development is the effectiveness in decreasing the number of poor people . Both central and local government has tought to implement policies and programs to reduce poverty, but still far from the main issue. For Kutai Kartanegara Regency, poverty is a strategic issue and get top priority to be solved. Poverty itself is an issue that involves many aspects because it is associated with low income, illiteracy, poor health status and inequality between the sexes as well as poor environmental. Poverty is one of the socio- economic benchmarks in assessing the success of the government's development in an area. There are so many social problems that are negatively arise due to increasing poverty. Poverty in Kutai has decreased from previous years, but poverty in Kutai to 2008 shows quite high number, it’s reaching 18.99 percent The purpose of this study was to: Analyze and test the effect of economic growth, education, unemployment and government expenditure on programs countermeasures poverty through the provision of capital to the Business Group (KUBE) in Kutai Kartanegara Regency. Analyze and examine the variables are the dominant influence on poverty in Kutai. Based on the pattern of the relationship, this study attempts to explain the causal relationship between several variables. In this study will explain the causal relationship between variables per capita income, education , unemployment and Financing KUBE. Based on its design, this study is a research analysis of secondary data documentation. This study suggests that the per capita income, education , unemployment and financing KUBE affect the level of poverty in Kutai regency. Although per capita income, education and KUBE no significant influence but was able to reduce poverty and unemployment variables greatly affect the increasing number of poor people .

Keyword: Poverty , Education , Economic Growth , Unemployment and Government Expenditure

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). Jumlah persentase penduduk miskin dan garis kemiskian tahun 2006-2015 (Persen). Di Provinsi Kalimantan Timur.

Laju pertumbuhan ekonomi tahun 2006-2015 (Persen). Di Provinsi Kalimantan Timur.

Penduduk berumur 15 tahun keatas yang bekerja menurut lapangan pekerjaan utama tahun 2006-2015 (000). Di Provinsi Kalimantan Timur.

Penduduk berumur 15 tahun keatas menurut pendidikan tertinggi yang ditamatkan tahun 2006-2015 (Jiwa). Di Provinsi Kalimantan Timur.

Boediono, 1992, Teori Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, seri synopsis pengantar ilmu ekonomi, edisi I, cetakan ke-5 BPFE, Jogyakarta

Gujarati (2010) Ekonometri Dasar. Terjemahan: Sumarno Zain, Jakarta : Erlangga.

Hajiji, 2010. Skripsi:Pengaruh kurs dollar Amerika Serikat, suku bunga SBI dan inflasi terhadap perubahan Indeks Harga Saham Gabungan di Bursa Efek Jakarta. Bogor: Fakultas Ekonomi dan manajemen IPB.

Hermanto Siregar dan Dwi Wahyuniarti (2008), Dampak Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Terhadap Penurunan Penduduk Miskin di Indonesia : Proses Pemerataan dan Pemiskinan. Direktur Kajian Ekonomi: Institusi Pertanian Bogor.

Jhingan, M.L. 2008 Ekonomi Pembangunan dan Perencanaan D. Guritno PT Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Kuncor, Mudjarat. 2006. Ekonomi Pembangunan. Yogyakarta : UPP AMP.YKPN

Kuznets, Simon. 2008. Economics Growth of Nations. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Mankiw, N. Gregory, 2004. Principles of Macroeconomics. Third Edition, Thomson South Westrn

Moekijat, (2008). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia (manajemen kepegawaian). Cetakan 8 Bandung : Mandar Maju

Nurkse, Ragnar. 1953. Problems of Capital Formation in Underdeveloped Countries. Oxford Basis Blackwell.

Prasetyo, Bambang dan Lina Miftahul Jannah. 2010. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Teori dan Aplikasi. Jakarta : RajaGrafindo Persada

Ramayani (2012). Analisis Produktivitas Sektoral Terhadap Tingkat Kemiskinan Dan Ketimpangan Pendapatan Di Jawa Tengah; jurnal Fakultas Ekonomi Univesitas Diponegoro.

Saberan.H, (2002:5). Produk Domestik Regional Bruto. Jakarta: Rajawali Levitan, Sar A. (2015). prekonomian indonesia dan dinamika ekonomi global

Sachs, Jeffrey D. 2005. The End of Proverty: Economics possibilities for our time penguin books, New York.

http://www.earth.columbia.edu/pages/endofproverty/index

Seruni, Putu. 2014, Pengaruh PDRB Per Kapita, Pendidikan dan Produktivitas Tenaga Kerja Terhadap Kemiskinan di Provinsi Bali. Jurnal Ekonomi. Universitas Udayana, Bali.

Scott Woif, property monitoring in developing countries, dimuat dalam : development and change, vol 10 no. 3, juli 1979 SAGE publications, london and beverly hills 1979 hal 446.

Sharp, A.M., Register, C.A., dan Grimes, P.W., 2006. Economic of Social Issues. New York: McGraw Hill




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/jinv.v12i1.798

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/jinv.v12i1.798.g72

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 INOVASI

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN print: 0216-7786

ISSN online: 2528-1097


 

 

 

Creative Commons Licence
INOVASI: Jurnal Ekonomi, Keuangan dan Manajemen  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.