Interpretasi Dampak Keuangan Keluarga Tenaga Kerja Wanita (Studi Fenomenologi TKW Pamekasan yang Berimigrasi ke Saudi Arabia dan Malaysia)

Agus Sugiono, Aminatus Zakhra, Evi Malia

Abstract


This research tries to reveal how far the financial impact of migrant workers who migrate to Saudi Arabia and Malaysia. The method used is qualitative / non positivistic method (Non Mainstream) through understanding method (verstehen) with Interpretive Paradigm and Husserl Transcendental Phenomenology approach. The main informants in this study as many as 6 people while the relevant institutions, researchers made a second informant to confirm data about TKW. This research reveals that the financial impacts of TKW Pamekasan families who immigrated to Saudi Arabia and Malaysia do exist, although they are not very significant, but in their view are significant because they bring a lot of changes to their lives, especially in the form of "house and land assets", their children's education, Family life left behind and can pay family debts for some TKW indebted. The TKW Pamekasan has been able to change the original residence of "gedek" into a permanent building. In terms of education some TKW have managed to send their children to the level of secondary education and some even until college graduation. In addition, other financial impacts are the availability of venture capital for them to open new businesses either in the form of small "pracangan" stores or other businesses as a guarantee to survive after their return to Indonesia. While the other impact of "intangible property" that is in the form of satisfaction of the heart because it can fulfill the pillars of Islam to Lima (pilgrimage) for migrant workers who immigrate to Saudi Arabia.

Keywords: Immigration, Family Financial Condition, Female Labor

References


Bogdan dan Taylor. 1992. Pengantar Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif, Suatu Pendekatan Fenomenologis Terhadap Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial. Diterjemahkan oleh Arif Furchan. Surabaya : Usaha Nasioanal

Creswell, J. W. 2007. Qualitatif Inquiry and Research Design. Sage Publication, Inc.

Bungin, Burhan. 2007. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Aktualisasi Metodologis ke Arah Ragam Varian Kontemporer. Jakarta: PT Rajagrafindo Persada

Davis, Benjamin., and Winters, Paul. 2000. Gender, Network and Mexico-U.S Migration. Working Paper Series in Agricultural and Resource Economics.

De, Prabal, and Dilip Ratha. 2005. “Reittance Income and Household Welfare: Evidence fro Sri Lanka Integred Household Survey”. Unpublished ss. World Bank, Washington , DC.

De La Briere, Benedict, Alain de Janvry, Elisabeth Sadouleth, and Sylve Lambert 2002. “The Roles of Destination, Gender, and Household Composition in explaining Remittances: An Analysis for the Dominican Sierr”. Journal of Development Economics 68 (2): 309-28

Fadliyanti, Luluk. 2013. Analisis Dampak Ekonomi dan Sosial Keluarga Tenaga Kerja Wanita yang Berimigrasi ke Saudi Arabia (Studi Kasus Pada Kabupaten Lombok Timur, Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat). Disertasi Doktor Ilmu Ekonomi, Universitas Brawijaya Malang.

Ghatak, S., Levine, P. And Price, S, W. 1996. Migration Theories and Evidance : An Assesment. Journal of Economics Survey. 10 (2): 159-197.

Hoddinott, John. 1994. “A Model of Migration and Remittances Applied to Western Kenya”. Oxford Economic Papers 46 (3); 459-76

Kennan, John and R. Walker, James. 2009. The Effect of Expected Incomeon Individual Migration, Decisions. University of Wisconsin-Madison and NBER.

Kumalasari, Dyah. Et al. 2008. TKW dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Kelangsungan Hidup Berkeluarga Dan Kelangsungan Pendidikan Anak di Kabupaten Sleman. Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Kuswarno, Engkus. 2009. Metodologi Penelitian Komunikasi, Fenomenologi (Konsep, Pedoman dan Contoh Penelitian). Bandung: Widya Padjajaran UNPAD.

Lee, Yean-Ju, William L.Parish, and Robert J Willis. 1994. “Sons, Daughter, and Intergenerational Support in Taiwan”. American Journal of Sosiology 99 (4): 1010-41

Mudji, Fransisca. 2005. Interpretasi dan Hakekat Penafsiran dalam Menggali Makna. (http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/interpretasi) 3 Februari 2005.

Moser, Caroline and Moser, Annalise. 1993. Gender Mainstreaming Since Beijing: Areview Success and Limitations in International institutions. Gender and Development. 2005.

Oishi, N. 2002. Gender and Migration: An Integrative Approach. Working Paper (49).

Prianthara, I.B.Teddy. 2011. Konstruksi Sosial Praktek Perpajakan (Studi Fenomenologi Wajib Pajak di Bali). Disertasi, Malang: Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Brawijaya.

Raco, J. 2010. Metode Penelitian Kualitatif: Jenis Karakteristik dan Keunggulannya. Jakarta: PT. Grasindo.

Taylor, J. E. 2006. International Migration and Economi Devwlopment. International. Symposium on International Migration and Development, Population Divison Department of Economic and Social Affairs. United Nations Secretariat, UN/POP/MIG/SYMP/2006/09:4-5.

Taylor J. E., Rozelle, S., Debraw, A. 2003. Migration and Incomes in Scources Communities: A News Economic of Migran Perspektive from China. Economic Development and Culture Change University of California

Pfeiffer, R. Et al. 2008. The International Migration of Women: Gender in Economic Research on International Migration and ItsImpact a Critical Review. The International Bank of Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank. Washington DC.

Quartey, Peter, 2006. The Impact of Migrant Remittances on Household Welfare in Ghana. AERC Reasearch Paper 158, African Economic Research Consortium, Nairobi.

Quisumbing, Agnes R., and John A. Maluccio. 2000. Intra household Allocation and Gender Relations: New Emprical Evidence from Four Developing Countries. FCND Discussion Paper 84. Washington DC: International Food Policy Research Institute, Food Consumption and Nutrition Division.

Ritzer, George . 2012. Teori Sosiologi. Edisi kedua belas. Pustaka Pelajar Yogyakarta.

Schampers, F Eelens and Speckman, Johan, Dirk. 1992. Labour Migration to the Middle East: from Srilanka to the Gulf. Kegan Paul intl. www.googlescholar.com

Sukoharsono, E.G. 2006. Alternatif Riset Kualitatif Sains Akuntansi: Biografi, Phenomenologi, Grounded Theory, Critical Ethnografi dan Case Study, Di : Analisa Makro & Mikro. BPFE UB, Hal 230-245.

Thomas, Duncan. 1990. “Intrahousehold Resource Allocation: An Inferential Approach”. Journal of Human Resources 29 (4): 950-88

Wiyono, Nur Hadi, 2003. Migrasi Internasional tenaga kerja. Warta Demografi, Tahun Ke 33, Nomor 4. Lembaga Demografi Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Indonesia (FE UI), Jakarta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1135/jakt.v14i2.1903

DOI (PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)): http://dx.doi.org/10.1135/jakt.v14i2.1903.g136

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 AKUNTABEL

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

AKUNTABEL: Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan pISSN: 0216-7743  eISSN: 2528-1135  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.